Elements of Karate training


Basic training – kihon

Patterns – kata

Selected Kata – sentei kata

Designated Kata – shitei kata

Favourite Kata – tokui kata

Breakdown/analysis – bunkai

Sparring – kumite

Five step sparring – gohon kumite

Three step sparring – sanbon kumite

Basic, one step sparring – kihon ippon Kumite

Freestyle one step sparring – jiyû ippon Kumite

Free sparring – jiyû Kumite


Instructions during training

Yôi – Prepare, attention, get ready!

Hajime – Start, begin!

Kamaete – Get into position

Mawatte – Turn

Yame – STOP


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